Guide to Authors:
Research: Literature Review and Analysis (RLRA) Manuscript Preparation
ALL PAPERS MUST INCLUDE: 1. TITLE PAGE
2. ABSTRACT PAGE 3. INTRODUCTION 4. METHODS
7. FIGURES AND TABLES (including an Evidence Table in the Appendix) 8. REFERENCES
1. TITLE PAGE:
● Manuscript Title: Provide a concise, informative title, with no unnecessary words
● Article Word Count (exclusive of abstract and references) is required
● Hypothesis: Add a separate section with the testable hypothesis
2. ABSTRACT PAGE:
The abstract should be structured into four paragraphs not exceeding 250 words total. It must be written in complete sentences. Abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited in this section. The abstract must include your testable hypothesis and how you tested it.
● Hypothesis: State the hypothesis of the study
● Methods: Identify the study design and statistical methods used
● Results: Describe the outcome of the study and the statistical significance, if
● Conclusions: State the significance of the results
● Word Count: Provide a word count for the abstract
● Keywords: Following the abstract, provide 3 to 10 keywords for indexing purposes
The introduction should provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. The introduction must:
● Be well referenced
● Begin with an impactful statement
● Begin broadly to educate readers about the general topic, then narrow down to the focus of the paper
● Use references that are NOT used in the results section
The methods should contain enough information to allow the study to be replicated, including:
● Databases used
● Search strategy
● Search terms
● Inclusion / exclusion criteria (state the parameters for including references in your
paper and the parameters used to exclude references, i.e. year published or
● Methods of data analysis (how the evidence table was constructed ● Statistical methods used
● Written in past tense
The results should be presented with clarity and precision, and should:
● Summarize the data and key findings of the selected primary literature (i.e.
populations, outcomes, etc.)
● Synthesize the data contained in multiple studies, providing any relationship between
those studies (i.e. similarities in data)
● Include an Evidence Table as an Appendix to the paper ● Reference all citations in the evidence table
● Written in past tense
Authors should explain what the results mean and how the results relate to the hypothesis presented. The discussion should interpret the findings and should include: ● Explanation of the findings (not a reiteration of the results)
● Interpretation of the results
● Assessment of the primary literature’s impact on the hypothesis (answer the question
– does the data support the hypothesis?)
● Limitations and future directions
● All citations in the evidence table referenced
● Conclusion: A concluding paragraph should be added at the end of the paper that
clearly states how the hypothesis was proven or disproven
7. FIGURES AND TABLES: An Evidence Table:
● Must be included as an Appendix to the paper ● Cited in the results and discussion sections
● Limited use of review articles
Other Figures and Tables:
● A maximum of two (2) properly cited figures/tables reproduced directly from the primary literature is permitted. An unlimited number of original figures/tables is permitted.
● All figures should have a title and figure legend that properly describes the dataset (i.e. the lines, boxes, colors, symbols, error bars, abbreviations).
● All figures/tables should be numbered in the order they are cited in the text.
Authors’ Last Names and Initials. (Year) Title of Article. Journal Title.
Volume(Issue), Pages. (list all authors when six or fewer; when seven or more, list six and add et al):
1. Grabber G.M., Gupta N.C., Murray G.F. (1999) Positron emission tomographic imaging with fluorodeoxyglucose is efficacious in evaluating malignant pulmonary disease. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 117, 719-727.
In text citations should be consistent, as in (Grabber, 1999) or (1).
● Use upper- and lowercase type
● Use consistent typeface and size (i.e. Times New Roman, 12 point)
● Double space text
● Number pages
● Third person point of view throughout all sections
● Refrain from inserting text boxes