With reference to historic and current models, discuss the benefits and shortcomings of a daily devotional practiceHarvard Footnoting please, see guide attached.
Read Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address (linked in the “Response Essay” section of this module) and write a 250-word response to the following question.-In Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address, Lincoln claims of the North and the South:”Both read the same Bible and pray to the same God, and each invokes His aid against the other. It may seem strange that any men should dare to ask a just God’s assistance in wringing their bread from the sweat of other men’s faces, but let us judge not, that we be not judged. The prayers of both could not be answered. That of neither has been answered fully. The Almighty has His own purposes.”Why do you think that those in the North and the South could be said to be reading the same Bible and asking God to aid them, though they are taking different sides on the morality of the institution of slavery? Perhaps more specifically, what do you make of people who called themselves Christians, yet support blatant evil, such as the institutional slavery in the United States? (Note: It’s tough to generalize here, as there is quite a variation–some people clearly were not Christians, while some influential Christians of the preceding century, such as Jonathan Edwards, participated in owning slaves.)https://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/lincoln2.asp
In the Appendix to his Narrative, Frederick Douglass (1818-1895) shares:…between the Christianity of this land, and the Christianity of Christ, I recognize the widest, possible difference–so wide, that to receive the one as good, pure, and holy, is of necessity to reject the other as bad, corrupt, and wicked. To be the friend of the one, is of necessity to be the enemy of the other. I love the pure, peaceable, and impartial Christianity of Christ: I therefore hate the corrupt, slaveholding, women-whipping, cradle-plundering, partial and hypocritical Christianity of this land. Indeed, I can see no reason, but the most deceitful one, for calling the religion of this land Christianity. I look upon it as the climax of all misnomers, the boldest of all frauds, and the grossest of all libels.Douglass draws a distinction between how Jesus instructs us to live and the evil of those who merely claim the title of Christian and live otherwise. While anyone can claim to be a Christian, Jesus specified that the way to demonstrate a genuine commitment to Him before others is to love others like He loves.John 13:34-35“A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.”Write a 250-word response on the how loving others like Christ loves evidences a genuine commitment to follow Christ?
For this discussion, read Frederick Douglass’s speeches “The Hypocrisy of American Slavery” and “What the Black Man Wants” and post a 250-word response to the following 2 questions. Answer both questions in your post, and respond to 3 original posts of others.
Question 1: How does Douglass expose the inconsistency between the founding principles of the United States and the experience of those whose rights are not honored?Consider particularly:”Whether we turn to the declarations of the past, or to the professions of the present, the conduct of the nation seems equally hideous and revolting. America is false to the past, false to the present, and solemnly binds herself to be false to the future. Standing with God and the crushed and bleeding slave on this occasion, I will, in the name of humanity, which is outraged, in the name of liberty, which is fettered, in the name of the Constitution and the Bible, which are disregarded and trampled upon, dare to call in question and to denounce, with all the emphasis I can command, everything that serves to perpetuate slavery — the great sin and shame of America!” – From “The Hypocrisy of American Slavery””What to the American slave is your Fourth of July? I answer, a day that reveals to him more than all other days of the year, the gross injustice and cruelty to which he is the constant victim. To him your celebration is a sham; your boasted liberty an unholy license; your national greatness, swelling vanity; your sounds of rejoicing are empty and heartless; your shouts of liberty and equality, hollow mock; your prayers and hymns, your sermons and thanksgivings, with all your religious parade and solemnity, are to him mere bombast, fraud, deception, impiety, and hypocrisy – a thin veil to cover up crimes which would disgrace a nation of savages.” – From “The Hypocrisy of American Slavery””We want it because it is our right, first of all. No class of men can, without insulting their own nature, be content with any deprivation of their rights…I want the elective franchise, for one, as a colored man, because ours is a peculiar government, based upon a peculiar idea, and that idea is universal suffrage.” – From “What the Black Man Wants”Question 2: What do you think the call for justice could accomplish that mere benevolence, pity, and sympathy cannot?Consider particularly:”I am not asking for sympathy at the hands of abolitionists, sympathy at the hands of any. I think the American people are disposed often to be generous rather than just. I look over this country at the present time, and I see Educational Societies, Sanitary Commissions, Freedmen’s Associations, and the like,—all very good: but in regard to the colored people there is always more that is benevolent, I perceive, than just, manifested towards us. What I ask for the Negro is not benevolence, not pity, not sympathy, but simply justice.” – From “What the Black Man Wants”http://utc.iath.virginia.edu/africam/afspfdat.htmlhttps://www.historyplace.com/speeches/douglass.htm
Read the book in its entirety and then write a 4-page critical book review.
Cite the bibliographic information at the top of page one along with the number of pages.
Use parenthetical citations only, no footnotes.
Remember that a critical book review is NOT a summary of the book, but instead is a critical review of the thesis and argument of the book.
While Samuel Hopkins (1721-1803) predates this section, his work is an example of the abolitionist movement that gained momentum in the 19th century. Plus, given that he wrote this around the time of the Declaration of Independence, it also serves as an example of those who were against slavery at the founding of the United States.Read Hopkins’ “A Dialogue Concerning the Slavery of the Africans” (link provided in the “Response Essay” portion of this module), and with your own reflection, provide a 250-word response to the following question:How did Christian theism provide the philosophical resources to denounce the institution of slavery in the United States?https://wisc.pb.unizin.org/ps601/chapter/samuel-hopkins-a-dialogue-concerning-the-slavery-of-the-africans/
Henry Ward Beecher and Love
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Henry Ward Beecher (1813-1887) was a 19th century minister and social reformer. He was known for his work as an abolitionist and supporter of women’s rights. Particularly, he often referred to love as the means by which we care for the world and bring about goodness within it.Provide a 250-word response to how Beecher paints a picture of what love looks like in practice, notably, that “love is the true and only evidence of piety.”Consider Matthew 22:36-40 as you write.“Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fQWl0ZHvMPk
The critique should evaluate the validity of the thesis, the strength and weakness of the supporting arguments, and the quality of the research and writing. Remember that this is a professional setting where ideas, research, and argumentation will be discussed and evaluated. The critique should follow Turabian 9th edition and consist of at least one-page, single-spaced.
For this discussion, read George Washington’s Inaugural Address (linked in “Other Readings”), and post a 250-word response to the following question:What impressed you in his speech?For your grade, you will need to:(1) Read Washington’s Inaugural Address and post a 250-word response to the question that demonstrates that you read the address.https://www.archives.gov/milestone-documents/president-george-washingtons-first-inaugural-speechhttps://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/washing.asp
John Jay and the Bible (SLO 11)
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Among the many influential roles that John Jay (1745-1829) held, he is most known for co-authoring the Federalist Papers with Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, as well as becoming the First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.Consider these words from a letter that Jay penned to Jedidiah Morse in 1797:“It is to be regretted, but so I believe the fact to be, that except the Bible there is not a true history in the world. Whatever may be the virtue, discernment, and industry of the writers, I am persuaded that truth and error (though in different degrees) will imperceptibly become and remain mixed and blended until they shall be separated forever by the great and last refining fire.”Provide a 250-word response on how Jay’s comittment the exhaustive truth of the Bible reflects Paul’s view of Scripture in his letter to Timothy:2 Timothy 2:16-17All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the servant of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.